Donna Gabaccia discusses in her chapter discusses how two different studies relate and differ, how their methodology affected this, and how they could be coming closer together as time passes. The two studies are Women’s studies/Women’s History and Immigration History/Ethnic studies. By dividing immigrant women into two different fields the women get more marginalized because in Immigrant history the focus is on males usually and in Women’s History the focus is often on important lives often of women who have been in America for generations. I find myself asking what is the difference between Women’s studies and Women’s History or Immigration History and Ethnic studies? How do these definitions change the field and change how more immigrant women lose more spotlight?
Janet Nolan discusses how the studies of Irish women has moved forward and how it still has a way to go before it catches up with just Irish-American history. Nolan discusses six areas that show the need expansion which include the number of women coming, women’s wages to bring others, women faced similar economic hardships as compared to men, women played a pivotal role in the economy of both Ireland and America, women’s input on infrastructure in America including religious projects, and finally women’s role in Irish politics in Ireland in the twentieth century.