Matthew Jacobson discusses how academic studies in history are changing and how they did so from the 60’s to nowadays. He discusses how JFK’s book on immigration is symbolic of how the immigrants made America and how they are idealistic and romantic representations of migration. He then brings in the fact that recent studies show that migration is part of a larger theme of globalization. Corporations change migration patterns often as much as countries. Jacobson finds three new fields of study that are: restoring emigration to immigration, replacing the nation with continent as a unit of organization, and recovering the corporation as a significant force in the lives of individuals, ethnic groups, regions, and nations. The first is to understand there are often more push than pull factors that can cause a diaspora of immigrants throughout a continent. Replacing the nation with continent as a unit of organization is to allow for studies in broader topics, a focus on overarching issues and not to minimize the locus of research based on countries. The last to show that MNCs or multinational corporations have an impact that is not explored enough in todays research.
Ramirez chooses to discuss how globalization became an apart of academic history. Ramirez uses two case studies of Canada and Italy to illustrate this. The Italian case starts with how builders can be seen all over Asia. After this many historians from a whole host of countries came together to write about the diaspora of Italian immigrants in their respective country. The Canadian case discusses how Canadians, both French and English origin, made a diaspora in America. Canadians often migrated between the two countries multiple times and often between the same two places. The field of study is small because of the lack of integration between French and English Canadian historical research.