Adam Goodman focuses on broadening immigration studies into migration studies. By increasing the scope of research, they can start the discussion on Native-Americans and African-Americans. Goodman also states that by focusing on migration you can better understand Eastern Europeans, Southern Europeans, and Mexican immigrants who often never planned to become US citizens. Migration studies would also allow better research into intra-national and trans-national movement in larger themes.
Erika Lee frames her article on the bases of her history in her profession and how she lived through the pains of growth immigration history made from 1998 to 2015. She relates the beginning with how in 1998 Vecoli and Sanchez held opposite views on the future of the field. Lee does explain that often the case and then rest of the panelist were in the middle. The field of studies in the coming years saw a shift closer to Sanchez and his idea of interdisciplinary research under the leadership of Gabaccia. Lee then explains how Asian migration, her expertise, a good example of the movement immigration history has made in a decade: free and indentured migration, colonial migrations, transnational movements and networks, circular migration, undocumented migration, secondary migration, and return migration.